In three years of management by the government of the President, Nayib Bukele, the institutions involved in public security have achieved a significant reduction in the number of homicides.
According to the work report of the Ministry of Security, homicides went from a daily average of 9.5 at the beginning of the presidential administration to 2.5 daily murders until May 21 of this year, representing a reduction of 73.7%.
For the last two years, the downward trend in violent deaths has been 30%, going from 1,369 homicides between June 2020 and May 2021 to 960 between June 2021 and May 2022.
The data in the document also details that between June 2021 and May of this year, homicides showed a reduction of 9%.
The authorities have repeatedly stated that the drop in violent deaths is due to the security measures implemented, such as the Territorial Control Plan (PCT), and more recently, the emergency regime.
Territorial Control Plan and Exception Regime
In the three years of implementation of the Territorial Control Plan, the homicide rate was significantly reduced to an average of 15 violent deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, whereas in the 10 years of the FMLN government it reached 103 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants.
In the first three years of the government of former president Salvador Sánchez Cerén, exiled in Nicaragua, 13,792 Salvadorans died due to homicidal violence, and it became the bloodiest period in recent history;in In fact, they murdered 6,656 people in 2015, 5,728 people in 2016, and 1,408 people between January 1 and May 31, 2017.
When comparing the same dates in the administration of the other fugitive former president of the FMLN, Mauricio Funes, they reported 10,969 homicides throughout the country; In this case, in 2010 there were a total of 4,004 victims, in 2011 there were 4,371 and in the first months of 2012 there were 2,594, when the truce agreed between gangs was underway.
However, that bloody history was left behind and has historically decreased since the launch of the PCT in June 2019. In the three years of validity, violent deaths were reduced by more than 73% compared to the figures of the first three years of Sánchez Cerén, to 2,892; in 2020 there were 1,341, in 2021 it dropped to 1,147 and between January 1 and May 31 of this year, 404 fatalities were reported.
The statistics of homicidal violence in the Bukele administration are below those reported in previous governments, which were strengthened by the implementation of the emergency regime, a measure that provided legal tools for the government to combat gangs.
Thanks to this measure, so far this year the authorities have reported a total of 60 days without violent deaths. The last day reported with zero homicides was Sunday, July 10.
Of the total number of days without homicides registered by the authorities so far this year, 53 have been during the emergency regime, between March 27 and July 10, and seven prior to the implementation of said security measure.
During the regime, the police registered a day without violent deaths in March; 14 in April; 17 in May; 14 in June; and seven in the first 10 days of July.
In three years of President Bukele’s administration, the Security Cabinet has reported a total of 151 days without homicides at the national level.
According to security specialists, if the current rate continues, El Salvador would end this year with 959 homicides, for a rate of 15.1 per 100,000 inhabitants.